Thera 1600s bc………………………………..Tambora 1815 ad
Thera volcano lay 1050 km from ……….Explosion heard 2600 km away
northern coast of Egypt…………………….Ash fell 1300 km away.
Pitch darkness for three days…………….Pitch darkness reported up to two days.
………………………………………………………..as far away as 600 km for up to two days.
From the account of Tambora eruption in 1815,
it is proven that the Thera explosion could have had
repercussions in Egypt. Northern coast 1050 km
from Thera, Tambora ash deposits 1300 km away.
Pitch blackness for Tambora: 2 days. For Thera 3 days.
So Thera eruption was stronger than Tambora’s!
Also note: the temperature drop that must have occurred
after Thera, as after Tambora: Year Without a Summer 1816.
Date for Tambora: Beginning 5 April , hugest eruption 10 April 1815.
But the Year without Summer delayed a year to 1816. Why was that?
Date for Thera. Not known. But before Hebrew Passover
which is due on the fourteenth of the month Aviv, aka Nisan.
Which occurs in late March or in April. Very closely dated to
eruption of Tambora. So, guess the second year of the Exodus
would have been comparatively chilly even in the Negev desert!
In the Delta was found a layer of ash – how thick? which had the same
chemical composition as ash from Thera.
Wikipedia article says
”all estimates of the date of this eruption
are hundreds of years before the Exodus
is believed to have taken place”
But there are several indications in Bible
that favor an earlier Exodus!
In his book
The Plagues of Egypt: Archaeology, History, and Science Look at the Bible,
Siro Igino Trevisanato explores the theory that the plagues were initially caused
by the Santorini eruption in Greece.
His hypothesis considers a two-stage eruption over a time of a bit less than two years.
His studies place the first eruption in 1602 BC,
when volcanic ash taints the Nile, causing the first plague
and forming a catalyst for many of the subsequent plagues.
In 1600 BC, the plume of a Santorini eruption
caused the ninth plague,
the days of darkness.
Trevisanato hypothesizes that the Egyptians
(at that time under the occupation of Hyksos),
resorted to human sacrifice in an attempt to appease the gods,
for they had viewed the ninth plague as a precursor to more.
This human sacrifice became known as the tenth plague.
Ancient Egypt Cities Leveled by Massive Volcano, Lava Find Suggests
for National Geographic News
Egyptian archaeologists today announced that they have unearthed traces of solidified lava on the northern coast of Sinai that date to around 1500 B.C.—supporting accounts that ancient Egyptian settlements were buried by a massive volcanic eruption in the Mediterranean, they say.
The archaeological team, led by Mohamed Abdel Maqsoud of Egypt’s Supreme Council for Antiquities, found houses, military structures, and tombs encased in ash, along with fragments of pumice, near the ancient Egyptian fortress of Tharo, on the Horus military road. Tharo is located close to El Qantara, where the Nile Delta meets the Sinai peninsula (Egypt map).
Effect on Egyptian history
There are no surviving Egyptian records of the eruption, and the absence of such records is sometimes attributed to the general disorder in Egypt around the Second Intermediate Period.
While it has been argued that the damage from this storm may have been caused by an earthquake following the Thera Eruption, it has also been suggested that it was caused during a war with the Hyksos, and the storm reference is merely a metaphor for chaos, upon which the Pharaoh was attempting to impose order.
Documents, such as Hatshepsut‘s Speos Artemidos, depict similar storms, but are clearly speaking figuratively, not literally. Research indicates that this particular stele is just another reference to the Pharaoh’s overcoming the powers of chaos and darkness.